What Are The Side Effects Of Statins

what are the side effects of statinsIf your doctor prescribed to you a treatment with statins, they probably have explained to you what the purpose of these drugs is. But are you aware what are the side effects of statins? In this post I will explain them all. But first, there are a few other aspects about statins that you should be aware of.

First of all, statins are drugs used to diminish and control the cholesterol levels in the body. Due to that fact, statins may also be prescribed for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, and for reducing the risk of heart attacks. The most common forms of statins prescribed for this purpose are atorvastatin (Lipitor) and simvastatin (Zocor). You should also know that if your doctor has prescribed to you a drug from the statins class, the treatment is most likely long-term, or you will have to rely on that drug to keep cholesterol under control, for the rest of your life.

However, treatment with statins should only be prescribed if you have tried other ways to reduce cholesterol levels and failed, or if your cholesterol level is really high, being a serious threat to your health. Cholesterol level in your system can be controlled or reduced through various means. For example, sustaining at least a 30-40 minutes of cardio-exercises per day, or having a healthy diet composed of foods with low content of bad cholesterol (LDL), like fish, vegetables, fruit, nuts, or consuming foods or beverages with specific antioxidants, like red wine, green tea or garlic.

Anyway, if you’re already under medication with statins, you should know what are the side effects of statins, to be prepared for them in case they occur. So, statins side effects may include:

1. Myalgias and muscle cramps. These side effects of statins are usually mild. Soreness or muscle weakness may also occur. Due to these side effects you may find certain daily activities that solicitate the muscles, like climbing stairs, or moving objects that are moderately heavy, to be particularily difficult.

2. Rhabdomyolysis. In combination with other drugs or due to high dosage and chronic use, statins may cause rhabdomyolysis, a condition characterized through the breakdown of the muscle tissue and the passing of the breakdown products into the bloodstream, leading to kidney failure. This is one of the most severe side effects of statins. The main symptom of rhabdomyolysis is dak colored urine, and if you notice this, immediate medical attention is necessary.

3. Problems of gastrointestinal nature. Although people that undergo a treatment with statins already may have problems with the digestive tract, statins may accentuate those problems or cause them. These could be diarrhea or constipation, gas, bloating, nausea.

4. Diabetes. Although diabetes type 2 is not a direct side effect of drugs in the statins class, long-term treatment with statins can increase the risk of the patient to develop this type of diabetes.

5. Allergic reactions. Anyone can develop an allergic reaction to any drug. Statins don’t make an exception from this rule. Allergice reactions to statins can manifest through skin rashes and itchiness, or in case of a severe allergic reaction, anaphylaxis, and in a situation like this, immediate medical attention is required.

Leave a Comment